Acne is a chronic skin disease caused by overproduction or accumulation of skin oil (sebum) and associated inflammatory changes and infectious process in the skin. Non-inflammatory acne occurs when sebum accumulates in form of white speck best known as ‘whiteheads’. The retention of dark particles (keratin formed by skin turnover) leads to the formation of ‘blackheads’. Inflammatory changes result in formation of pink or red pimples. The content of these pimples is usually infested by skin bacteria (Propionicum Acnes) and under such condition the acne worsens. Nodules are localized accumulations of pus and skin oils and are infested with bacteria. They can be very tender to touch.
The human body in its natural process of healing tries to wall-off areas of inflammation and infection. As a result, acne cysts form like sacks full of pus and skin debris. Ultimately, nodules and cysts heal but usually with formation of acne scars, often extensive and deep. These scars stay on the skin for the rest of life but nowadays they can be effectively treated.
Acne very often results in skin scaring. Acne scars come in various shapes and sizes. Deep scars with sharp edges are called ice-pick scars when their shape is triangular, box-scars if they are rectangular. However, most of the acne scars are irregular and of variable depth. This means that their floor is uneven.
Acne scars can be successfully reduced with a fractional laser like the Fraxel. Only 2-4 sessions are needed and patients benefit from little downtime, especially after Fraxel Laser Therapy.
Following treatment modalities are used in treatment of acne:
Treatments of Acne Scars
- Removal of outermost skin layer chemical peels https://mdspa.ca/chemical-peel-treatments
- Penetrate skin to stimulate healing and collagen production with Dermal-needling/ micro-needling
- Collagen remodeling with Fraxel and Thermage®
- Cosmetic Fillers for selected scars
- Dietary modifications
- Stress management
- Elimination of conventional make up and skin foundations
Skin Care Programs
- Acne Facials
- Skin Care regiment
- Use of non-comedonic mineral make-up such as Jane Iredale
Reduction of skin oil production
Intense Pulsed Light
Chemical peels https://mdspa.ca/chemical-peel-treatments
Acne-Facials’ to de-clog skin pores
Reduction of skin infestation by bacteria and acne cysts
- Topical drugs with antibiotics and/or skin drying agents
- oral antibiotics (see Doctor)
Reduction of ingrown hair (if ingrown hair worsens acne)
- Laser hair removal
At MD Spa and Laser Clinic we have excellent results in managing acne. Give yourself a chancee to get better and come for your consultation today!